21.HIV and AIDS (Human immunodeficiency virus)
- Over 35 million people globally live with HIV and AIDS. HIV, the human immunodeficiency virus, is a relatively newly discovered infection. It causes the onset of AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome), responsible for 1.7million deaths every year.
22.Eden Project (A multiple greenhouse complex)
- The Eden Project, with its instantly recognisable white domes that house plants from around the world, is a large complex of greenhouses in Cornwall, England. Since opening in 2001, it has attracted over 15 million visitors.
23.Royal Botanical Gardens at Kew (World's largest collection of living plants)
- The blooms and walkways of the Royal Botanical Gardens at Kew make it an idyllic refuge from busy London, but it is more than a place of beauty. With a new Science Strategy and unrivalled scientific collections of plants and fungi, Kew is an international figurehead of conservation and research.
24.Insulin (Important hormone that regulates blood sugar levels)
- The hormone insulin is produced by the pancreas to regulate blood sugar levels. Now a vital treatment for patients with diabetes, insulin was not used as medication until 1922 and the development of this drug for medical use took many years.
25.Ebola (The 2014 outbreak that affected much of West Africa)
- In 2014, one of the most deadliest diseases, the Ebola virus, swept across West Africa, with several countries experiencing its most aggressive outbreak to date. The Ebola virus disease (EVD) is a severe acute illness, currently having a fatality rate of up to 50-60%, and can be contracted by both humans and non-human primates (such as monkeys and gorillas).
26.The Human Genome Project (Mapping the entire human genome)
- The Human Genome Project was an internationally collaborative research venture that aimed to map the entire human genome. Completed in 2003, the $3bn megaproject has made an enormous contribution our understanding and treatment of genetic diseases.
27.Natural History Museum (In London, England)
- With around 135 million items and over 4.8 million visitors per year, the Natural History Museum remains one of the UK's greatest science institutions. Founded 1756 and originally situated in Montagu House in Bloomsbury, it's first exhibitions were owned by Sir Hans Sloane who sold them to the government so they could be put on display. They comprised of collections of human and animal skeletons, and a huge range of dried plants. You may also be interested to know what Sloane was the inventor of hot chocolate! It seems we have a lot to thank this man for.
28.Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (World-renowned scientific centre for the study of plants, their diversity and conservation)
- The Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (RBGE) is a world-renowned scientific centre for plant conservation and education, which today consists of four sites across Scotland. Founded in 1670, the RBGE hosts one of the largest living collections of plants.
29.The Eagle (Public House)
- The Eagle pub in Cambridge was a popular haunt of scientists from the nearby Cavendish Laboratory, and it was here that Francis Crick and James Watson first revealed that they had discovered “the secret of life” - the double helix structure of DNA.